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由in和on构成的短语辨异拾零

来源:英语阅读 编辑:英语学习 时间:2017-04-04

1. in time及时;还早;总有一天;终于

on time 按时;准时

① A stitch in time save nine. 及时一针省九针。(谚语)

② If you keep on, you will succeed in time. 如果坚持下去,你总有一天会成功的。

1. in time及时;还早;总有一天;终于

on time 按时;准时

① A stitch in time save nine. 及时一针省九针。(谚语)

② If you keep on, you will succeed in time. 如果坚持下去,你总有一天会成功的。

③ We were just in time for the bus. 我们正好赶上那班公共汽车。

④ The train came on time. 火车准时进站。

⑤ You are requested to come on time. 请准时出席。

2. in camera 秘密地;私下地

on camera 出现在电视上

① The case was tried in camera. 此案是秘密审判的。

② Did you watch the football game on camera? 你看了电视转播的足球赛吗?

3. in the air 在空中;无掩蔽的;不完的

on the air (正在)广播

① Your mind was on something not so practical—castles in the air. 你脑子里想的都是些不切合实际的事情——都是空中楼阁。

② Our plans are still up in the air. 我们的计划还悬而未决。

③ The news is on the air. 正在广播新闻。

④ Their left flank was left in the air. 他们的左翼无掩护。

4. in the way妨碍

on the way 正在到来;在路上

① The child tried to get to the door, but the table was in the way. 小孩想到门口去,但桌子挡住他的去路。

② She tried to clean the house, but the baby was always in the way. 她想打扫房子,但婴孩总是妨碍她的工作。

③ Help is on the way. 援助将至。

④ He is on the way to become a good teacher. 他正在成为一个好的老师。

⑤ Let/'s not stop often on the way. 咱们别老在途中停留。

5. in the field 在田野上;在……领域里;野外的;参加比赛

on the field 在战场上

① The children are playing in the field. 孩子们正在田野里玩。

② He had had three successes in the field of literature. 他曾在文学界里获得了三次成功。

③ These are plants found in the field. 这是些野生植物。

④ Are you in the field for the relay race? 你参加接力赛跑吗?

⑤ His son lost his life on the field. 他儿子在战场上牺牲了。

6. in hand 在进行中;在手头;在控制中

on hand 现有;可用

① The work is in hand and will soon be completed. 工作在进行之中,很快就要完成了。

② I have enough money in hand. 我手头有足够的钱。

③ We have some new woolen goods on hand. 我们手头现有一些新的羊毛织品。

7. in behalf of 为……之利益

on behalf of代表;为了

① He was allowed to sign letters on behalf of the manager. 他被允许代表经理在信件上签名。

② My brother could not be here tonight, but I want to thank you on his behalf. 我兄弟今晚不能来,我代表他谢谢你。

③ He worked hard all his life in behalf of the poor. 他毕生为穷苦人的利益而努力不懈。

④ My teacher spoke in my behalf. 老师替我说情。

8. in the corner 在拐角内

on the corner 在拐角之上

at the corner 在拐角处外

① The children are play in the corner of the park. 孩子们正在公园的拐角内玩。

② The shop is on the corner of the street. 商店在街道的拐角处。

③ The old woman is standing at the corner. 那老太太正站在拐角处旁。

9. in the road 在道路上

on the road 在途中;在旅行中

① There is a cart running away in the road. 有辆马车在道路上飞奔。

② How long were you on the road? 你路上花了多少时间?

10. in view 望;在看见的地方;被考虑;被期待

on view 展示;陈列着

① Victory is in view. 胜利在望。

② We came in view of a pool. 我们看见了一个水池。

③ The lastest winter fashions are now on view in the big shops. 最新的冬装款式现在正在大商店中陈列着。

11. in the east of 在东部(范围之内)

on the east of 在东面(相邻、接壤)

to the east of 在东边(在范围之外)

① Shanghai is in the east of China. 上海在中国的东部。

② Japan is to the east of China. 日本在中国的东面。

③ Korea lies on the east of China. 朝鲜位于中国东面。

④ Guangdong is on the east of Guangxi. 广东与广西东部毗邻。

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