At the end of the Ming Dynasty, it was corrupt in politics.
The emperor often did not go to court and the government was in the control of the eunuchs. The eunuchs practiced graft and accepted bribes, sold and bought positions and scrambled for the rights and interests, which deepened the social crisis.
In 1594, Langzhong of the Board of the Civil Office, Gu Xiancheng, was removed from his office and returned to his hometown, Wuxi. He taught together with Gao Panlong and Qian Yiben and so on in the Donglin Academy. They discussed the governmental administration, criticized the groups in office. They were supported by most of the scholar-officials and were called the Donglin Party.
The Donglin Party disapproved of Shenzong，s dethroning the oldest son to‘ be the successor with the substitute of the younger one, they were against the robbery of the mine supervisors and the tax supervisors. They advocated to open up for the criticisms and suggestions and to restore the governmental administration, so they were hated by the groups in office.
In 1601, the tax supervisor Sun Long came to Suzhou. He set up barriers, extorted the merchants and decided to levy three qian silver for every loom and three fen silver for every bolt of silk.
The weaving households stopped weaving to show their protest.
The unemployed weavers went to the street on strike under the leadership of Ge Xian. They enclosed the Tax Department and killed the tax official ,and Sun Long was frightened to escape at night.
The fight against the tax and mine supervisors broke out as well in other more than 10 cities.
The fights are the reflection of the seeds of the capitalism in politics at the end of the Ming Dynasty.
The annexation of land came to the surprising extent at the end of the Ming Dynasty.
The emperor awarded a great amount of land to his gentry, ministers, and the eunuchs.
Ming Shenzong once (warded his son the land of two million mu .
The landlords and bureaucrats annexed land greatly.