The Jin rulers adopted a positive attitude towards the Han culture.
Chinese, Khitan and Jurchen script were used simultaneously, although later, the Khitan script was abolished so as to encourage the popular use of Chinese calligraphy.
Emperor Zhangzong became a keen collector of books written in Chinese which did much to promote cultural development.
Many writers emerged during this period and one named Yuan Haowen was especially eminent in the fields of poetry, prose and treatise.
His work is representative of the highest literary achievements of the Jin.
The Jin Dynasty made an important contribution to the field of art.
They had inherited the characteristics of Liao architecture and absorbed that of the Song.
One of the finest examples of their architecture is the Lugou Bridge.
Completed between 1188 and 1192, it is the oldest existing multi-arched stone bridge in the Beijing area.
The exquisite sculptures on the bridge and its ornamental columns demonstrate a practical application of the aesthetic principles of unity and variation which are a great attraction to this day.