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颜色文化――黑色

来源:英语阅读 编辑:英语学习 时间:2017-03-29

  Ultimate Dark
        Considered the negation of color, black is conservative, goes well with almost any color except the very dark. It also has conflicting connotations. It can be serious and conventional. The color black  can also be mysterious, sexy, and sophisticated.
        
        Nature of Black
        Black is the absence of color. In clothing, black is visually  slimming. Black, like other dark colors, can make a room appear to shrink in size and even a well-lit room looks dark with a lot of  black. Black can make other colors appear brighter.
        
        Culture of Black
        In most western countries black is the color of mourning. Among  young people, black is often seen as a color of rebellion. Black is  both positive and negative. It is the color for little boys in China. Black, especially combined with orange is the color of Halloween. In early westerns the good guy wore white while the bad           guy wore black. But later on good guys wore black to lend an air of  mystery to themselves.
        
        Language of Black
        The use of black in familiar phrases can help a designer see how  their color of choice might be perceived by others, both the  positive and negative aspects.
        
        good black
        Black tie—formal (as in formal party attire)
        Black belt—expert (especially in martial arts)
        Blackwash—bring things out in the open
        In the black—having money, doing well in business
        Men in black—government agents
        Black box—equipment or apparatus
        Pitch black—dark as night, very black
        
        Bad black
        Black out—Loss of consciousness or the act of erasing something
        Blackout—loss of electricity or turning out the lights
        Black eye—damage such as damage to one’s  reputation, slander, unpopular
        Black-hearted—evil
        Blackguard—a scoundrel
        Black sheep—an outcast from a family or from society
        Black market—illegal trade (goods or money)
        Blackmail—obtaining something by threat
        Blacklist—list of people or organizations to boycott, avoid, or  punish
        
        Black Words
        These words are synonymous with black or represent various shades of the color black.
        Ebony, jet, ink, lampblack, coal, soot, charcoal, raven, midnight, obsidian, onyx, sable.
        
        最深的颜色
        若考虑色彩的消极意义,黑色就代表着保守。它可以和深黑以外的任何颜色搭配。黑色有着相互矛盾的内涵:一方面,它可以代表着严肃和传统;另一方面,它又可以代表神秘、性感和高雅。       

        黑色的特性
        黑色是色彩的缺失。在服饰上,黑色可以使人显得修长。在装饰上,黑色和其他暗色一样会使房间看上去比较小,而且大量的黑色也会使原本明亮的房间显得阴暗。然而,黑色可以使其他的色彩变得更加醒目。       

         黑色的文化
        在大多数西方国家,黑色是丧服的颜色,然而在年轻人眼中,黑色通常是叛逆的颜色。黑色既有积极的内涵也有消极的内容。在中国,黑色是小男孩的颜色。在西方,黑色尤其是和橘黄色搭配,是万圣节的颜色。早期,好人穿白衣而坏人穿黑衣;后来,为了装扮得有神秘气息,好人也开始穿黑衣。       

        与黑色有关的用语
        黑色在习惯用语中的运用能够帮助设计师们了解他们对色彩的选择会给他人带来什么样的感觉——不仅仅是正面的,也包括反面的。       

        黑色的褒义用法
        黑领结——正装(如穿正式的晚礼服)
        黑腰带——专家(尤其是指格斗方面)
        揭露——让事情暴露在公众面前
        盈余——在商业中获利、赢利
        黑衣人——政府特工
        黑匣子——设备、仪器
        漆黑——如黑夜般、非常黑
        
        黑色的贬义用法
        眩晕——失去知觉
        
        灯火管制——断电或关灯
        
        诽谤——诋毁别人的名声、中伤某人
        
        恶棍——流氓、无赖
        黑心——邪恶
        害群之马、败家子——被家庭或社会驱逐
        黑市——非法的(钱或物的)贸易
        勒索——用威胁的手段获取某物
        黑名单——要抵制、躲避或惩处的人或组织的名单
        
        与黑色有关的词汇
        以下是黑色的近义词和代表着不同种类的粉红色的单词:
        乌木、黑玉、油墨、油烟、煤炭、煤灰、木炭、乌鸦、子夜、黑曜石、缟玛瑙、黑貂。     


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