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六一儿童节

来源:英语阅读 编辑:英语学习 时间:2017-03-23
 Children's Day is a feast for every child!


I always thought that the International Children's Day was introduced by the United Nations - since it was always called "international" - but in reality the United Nations proclaimed not the June but the November 20th as the Universal Children's Day - by the resolution of the national assembly in 1954. November 20th - is devoted to promoting the welfare of the children of the world.

The International Children's Day has been introduced in Poland in the early fifties of XX century. It was easily adopted by Polish children and adults - on the personal level as well as in schools and other public institutions.

The stamps above commemorate International Children' Day in Czechoslovakia in 1959. The text on these stamps say: "Peace to the Children in the whole World"

It coincided with the beginning of summer and since it takes place near the end of the school year - it is usually treated as a holiday. Children attend schools at this day - but school usually organizes for them some special activities - like outdoor plays or the field trips.

This day and also the whole week of the beginning of June is the time of the festivities organized in the parks and entertainment centers. The parents usually buy some small gifts to their kids - the smaller the children the bigger the gifts.
 

a stamp from Czechoslovakia's International Children's Day Celebration in 1974

The origin of the International Children's Day reaches 1925 year. Two important events took place on June 1st in 1925 - the World Conference for the Wellbeing of Children in Geneva; in the same time the Chinese consul-general in San Francisco gathered a number of Chinese orphans to celebrate the Dragon Boat Festival.

The celebrating of June 1st as the International Children's Day was initiated by the International Federation of Democratic Women during their meeting in Fall 1949.

June 1st as Children Day is celebrated not only in Poland but also in Czech republic, in Slovakia, Russia, Baltic republic and also in the Eastern part of the Germany. The rest of the world celebrated the Children's Day either in a different time, sometimes in a bit different form. In many countries children do not have their special day or... they have their special days all around the year!

The International Children's Day (ICD) is celebrated in numerous countries, usually (but not always) on June 1 each year.

Origin

The ICD had its origin in theWorld Conference for the Wellbeingof Children(世界儿童福利大会)in Geneva, Switzerland  in 1925. It is not clearas to(关于)why June 1 was chosen as the ICD: one theory has it that the Chinese consul-general in San Francisco (USA) gathered a number of Chinese orphans to celebrate theDragon Boat Festival(端午节)in 1925, which happened to be on June 1 that year, and also coincided with the conference in Geneva.

June 1 has since been observed as the ICD by numerous countries, especially by Communist countries; in the western world the ICD is usually celebrated on other days of the year (if at all), and there is often little public awareness about these celebrations. Consequently there is sometimes amisperception(错误观点)that June 1 as the ICD was a Communist invention. Nonetheless, in recent years even some groups within the United States started observing the ICD on June.

Children's Day in Japan

National Children's Day in Japan is known asKodomo no Hi(日本儿童节,每年5月5日).  It is celebrtaed on May5. The family celebrates the festival withKashiwamochi(rice cakes filled with red beans and wrapped with oak leaves) and Chimaki (rice cakes wrapped with bamboo leaves).

According to the Kodansha encyclopedia, the origin of the festival was from China in 839. On May 5, Chinese people hang medical herbs from the eaves of the roof in order to repel disease. When the custom came to Japan, people used Shobu (irises) instead since irises were believed to repel evil spirits.

Children's Day in India

Most schools have cultural programmes for the day, with the students managing it all. All over the country, various cultural, social, and even corporate, institutions conduct competitions for children.

Children's Day is a day for children to engage in fun and frolic. Schools celebrate this day by organising cultural programmes. Teachers of the school perform songs and dances for their students. Various competitions like quizzes, fancy dress competitions, elocutions are organised on this day.

Children are also treated to a movie and lunch.Television networks have in the recent years started to air special programmes all day long for kids on November 14, making this day a special treat.

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