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伤害眼睛的8个日常习惯

来源:英语阅读 编辑:英语学习 时间:2018-11-01

1. Your daily swim

每天游泳

Swimming is hugely beneficial for your cardiovascular system but if you're not wearing goggles, your eyes might be suffering, especially if you're a contact lens wearer and you open your eyes underwater.

游泳对心血管系统大有裨益,但如果游泳时不佩戴护目镜,双目可能会因此受损,尤其是在水下睁眼的隐形眼镜佩戴者。

伤害眼睛的8个日常习惯

'The water in pools, rivers and the sea, or even the shower can leave your eyes vulnerable to bacterial infection,' warns Vision Direct optometrist Brendan O' Brien.

英国隐形眼镜网店Vision Direct验光师布兰登·奥布赖恩警告说:“泳池、河流和大海中的水,甚至是洗澡水都会让眼睛容易受到细菌感染。”

'The microorganism acanthamoeba lives in water and can cause serious damage if it gets into your eye'.

“水中的微生物棘阿米巴原虫如果进了你的眼睛,会造成严重伤害。”

'Wearing contact lenses makes us more vulnerable because the bacteria attaches to the lens and can cause the surface of your eye to become inflamed and eventually infected,' says O'Brien.

“佩戴隐形眼镜让我们更容易受到伤害,因为这种细菌会粘附在隐形眼镜上,导致眼睛表面发炎甚至被感染。”

Contact lenses will also naturally absorb any water around them, which could change their shape dramatically. This will make them uncomfortable to wear, often causing your vision to become distorted and blurry.

隐形眼镜还会自然地吸收四周的水分,从而极大改变原有形状。这会让隐形眼镜戴起来不舒适,还会导致视物扭曲模糊。

If you really must wear your lenses in the pool stick to daily disposables along with waterproof swimming goggles, or better still invest in a pair of prescription goggles which will help you see clearly without water coming in direct contact with your eyes.

如果你一定要在泳池中佩戴隐形眼镜,就佩戴日抛隐形镜片,同时戴上防水护目镜,如果能佩戴按度数定制的护目镜更好,既能让你在水下视野清晰,又不会有水直接接触眼睛。

2. Your out of date mascara

用过期的睫毛膏

You know how your mascara gets all clumpy after three or four months, but you don't want to buy a new one because that stuff is pricey?

你知道睫毛膏在使用三四个月后就会凝结成块吗?但是就因为睫毛膏价格不菲,你不舍得买新的。

Well, it's time to cull your make-up bag of all out of date eye make-up, especially mascara, yes even your favorite Chanel one you bought in 2016.

是时候把你化妆包里所有过期的眼部化妆品都扔掉了,尤其是睫毛膏,就连你最爱的2016年买入的香奈儿也不例外。

Mascara can harbor bacteria which can cause infections leading to redness, light sensitivity and irritation and, in rare cases, even blindness. Liquid liner and mascara have a shelf life of around three months once opened.

睫毛膏会滋生细菌,引发眼部感染,导致眼睛发红、怕光、不适,极少数情况下甚至可能致盲。液体眼线笔和睫毛膏开封后,保质期约为三个月。

Unopened, well-formulated cosmetics can remain stable for a couple of years.

未开封的工艺成熟的化妆品可以在一两年内保持性能稳定。

What's more, eye make-up applied inside the eyeline, such as eyeliner, can increase the risk of eye infection, according to research from the University of Waterloo published in the peer-reviewed journal.

此外,滑铁卢大学发表在同行评审期刊的研究指出,眼睑内用的眼部化妆品,比如眼线笔,会增加眼部感染的风险。

The research by the scientist Dr Alison Ng found that contact lens wearers were more vulnerable to infection from eye make-up. Dr Ng recommends preventing bacterial transfer by sharpening eye pencils thoroughly before each use.

科学家艾莉森·吴的研究发现,隐形眼镜佩戴者的眼睛更容易因为眼妆而被感染。吴医生建议,每次用眼线笔之前都要彻底削干净,防止细菌传播。

Similarly, false eyelashes could put your eyes at risk. According to experts, false eyelashes are a hygiene risk because they tend to trap dirt and bacteria, while poor quality, unhygienic lashes increase the risk, so it's important to find a reputable beautician.

同样,假睫毛也会让眼睛陷入风险。专家称,假睫毛不卫生,因为很容易藏污纳垢,质量差、不卫生的假睫毛会让眼睛感染风险增加,所以找口碑好的彩妆品牌很重要。

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