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高考英语When一词用法浅析

来源:英语阅读 编辑:英语学习 时间:2018-07-11

when一词的用法相信大家并不陌生。我们看下2道高考题:

高考英语When一词用法浅析

1、Today I was having a PE lesson while I fell down and hurt my foot.(07福建高考题短文改错)

2、I was about to answer him while I noticed that the last plate on my tray began to fall.  (07辽宁高考题短文改错)

分析:

1、Today I was having a PE lesson when I fell down and hurt my foot.

2、 I was about to answer him when I noticed that the last plate on my tray began to fall.

这2个题都在考察when一词的用法。可能有些同学会产生疑问,为什么非when莫属呢?while怎么不对呢?

让我们谈谈它们的区别。

1、 While可以作为时间状语从句连词,译成"在……期间",一般只和延续性动词连用。When作为时间状语从句的连词,没有这个限制,后面可以是延续性动词,也可以是暂短性动词,因此,一定程度上,when是能代替while的。

上面的改错题,从从句的动词上就可以看出while不对,因为fell与noticed都是暂短性动词,不与while连用。

2、 但在其余从句中,它们是截然不同的。在本题中,when译成"这时",等于and then,是并列连词,而且专门与过去进行时连用,或者与be about to do连用。即:

1) ……was/were doing……when……did  正在做……这时……

2) ……was/were about to do……when……did 正要做……这时……

这个知识点是高考中常见的考点。大家可以做一下:

1. (2004上海卷)Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wild life park ___ she was bitten on the leg by a lion.

A when    B while   C since   D once

2. (2006辽宁卷)He was about halfway through his meal _____a familiar voice came to his ears.

A why   B where   C when   D while

3. (2004北京春)We were swimming in the lake _____ suddenly the storm started.

A when    B while    C until    D before

4. (2006湖南卷)I had just stepped out of the bathroom and was busily drying myself with a towel ____ I heard the steps.

A while   B when    C since   D after

5. (2006安徽卷)I ____along the street looking for a place to park when the accident _____.

A went, was occurring       B went, occurred C was going, occurred       D was going, had occurred

答案:

1. A  was holidaying……when…… 正在度假这时被咬

2. C  was about ……when…… 正吃到一半这时听到熟悉的声音

3. A  were swimming ……when…… 正在游泳这时暴雨

4. B  was busily drying……when…… 正在擦干身体这时听到脚步声

5. C  was going ……when…… 正在走着这时发生事故

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