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双语阅读之中国历史名人:石申

来源:英语阅读 编辑:英语学习 时间:2018-12-05

Shi Shen (born 4th century B. C.) was a Chinese astronomer and contemporary of Gan De. He was born in the State of Wei, also known as the Master Shi Shen(Shi Shenfu).

石申(生于公元前约4世纪),又名石申夫,战国时魏国人。天文学家,与甘德同时代人。

双语阅读之中国历史名人:石申

He is credited with positioning the 121 stars found in the preserved texts.

根据现存文本记载,石申给出了121颗星的位置。

He also made the earliest surviving undated record of sunspot observation, which is sometimes erroneously credited to Gan De.

石申有关太阳黑子的观测记录(未标日期)是现存最早的(有时会错误地认为这些记录是甘德做的)。

He assumed that these spots were eclipses that began at the center of the sun and spread outward.

石申认为这些黑点是由太阳中心开始向外扩展的日蚀。

Although he was wrong, he recognised the spots for what they were--solar phenomena.

尽管石申的观点是错误的,但是他承认这些黑点是太阳自身的现象。

His works included the 8-volume Astronom, the one-volume Celestial Map and the one-volume Star Catalogue of Shi.

石申的著作包括:8卷本《天文》、一卷本《浑天图》、一卷本《石氏星经簿赞》。

The latter two are now believed to be written by his school followers.

现在认为后两本是石申的门徒写的。

Most of his works did not survive intact, but a few of his crucial writings were preserved in The Treatise on Astrology of the Kaiyuan Era.

石申的大多数著作现在都不完整,但是他一些最重要的著述被收人《开元占经》得以保存下来。

Shi Shen crater on the Moon is named after him.

月球背面的环形山中,就有一座以他的名字命名。

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