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双语阅读之中国历史:清朝概况

来源:英语阅读 编辑:英语学习 时间:2018-12-03

Qing Dynasty

清朝

双语阅读之史记:清朝概况

General

概况

The Qing Dynasty (清朝),sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro(爱新觉罗), in what is today northeast China expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia,

清朝由满族部落爱新觉罗氏建立,满族位于今天中国的东北部,

establishing the Empire of the Great Qing (大清帝国),which was founded not by the Han Chinese people, but by the Manchus, a semi- nomadic people not even known by that name when they first rose to prominence in what is now northeastern China.

它扩张至中国本土以及亚洲内陆的周边地区并建立了大清帝国,清朝不是由汉人而是由满人建立的,满族是版游牧民族,当它刚刚声名鹤起之时还没有知道它。

Taking advantage of the political instability and popular rebellions convulsing the Ming dynasty, the highly organized military forces of the Manchus swept into the Ming capital of Beijing,and there remained until the Qing dynasty was overthrown in the Xinhai Revolution (辛亥革命)of 1911, with the last emperor abdicating early in 1912.

借助明朝时期的政治不稳定和不断的起义,满族极具组织性的军队攻入了明朝的首都北京, 它们也在那里定都直到1911年辛亥革命爆发,1912年最后一任皇帝提前退位。

The Qing was the last imperial dynasty of China.

清朝是中国最后一个封建王朝。

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